I don’t know about you, but when I was in high school, I didn’t have a lot of time to write. I was too busy trying to keep up with my social life, keeping up with homework, and trying to figure out what I wanted to be when I grew up.

Now that I’m in college, I still don’t have much time for writing, but I do have more time than I did as a high school student. I have the luxury of being able to write whenever I feel like it, and I’ve found that it’s a great way for me to keep my writing skills sharp. I’ve also found that I can use my blog as a way to get feedback on my writing, and it’s helped me improve my skills as a writer. Here are some of the ways that blogging can help you as a student:

1. Blogging Helps You Practice Your Writing

One of the best things about blogging is that it gives you the opportunity to practice your writing. When you write a blog post, you have to think about what you’re going to say, and you need to write it in a way that makes sense to you. You also need to make sure that the post is grammatically correct, and that it makes sense. If you’re having trouble with any of these things, you can use your blog as an opportunity to work on them. You can also use it as a place where you can get feedback from your readers about how your writing is coming along. If your writing isn’t coming out the way that you want it to, you’ll be able to see what your readers think about it. This can be a great opportunity for you to improve your writing skills, because you’ll have the chance to see how you can make your writing better. It can also be a good way to practice writing for different audiences, because your blog posts will be read by people who are interested in different topics than the ones that you write about on your personal blog. This will give you a chance to practice different types of writing, which will help you become a better writer in the long run.

2. You Can Use Your Blog as a Place to Get Feedback on Your Work

When you’re writing a paper or an essay, it can be difficult to know whether or not you’re doing a good job. This is especially true if you’re working on a paper that you’ve never written before, or if it’s an assignment that you haven’t done before. One of the things that you can do to help you with this is to ask for feedback on your work. You could ask your teacher for feedback, or you could ask a friend or a family member to read your paper and give you some feedback on it. However, if you want to get the most out of your feedback, you should ask your readers to give you feedback on what they think about your paper. This way, you won’t just be getting feedback from one person, but from a group of people who have different perspectives on the paper. You’ll get a better idea of how your paper is coming across, and what you can change to make it better. You should also consider asking your readers if they have any questions about the paper, because this can give you an idea of what you should be focusing on when you write your next paper. If they have questions, they’ll be more likely to ask them, and if they don’t, they won’t feel the need to ask you about them. This means that you’ll get more feedback than you would if you just asked your teacher or a friend to read the paper and tell you what they thought about it, because they might not ask you any questions if they didn’t think that they needed to. You won’t have to worry about them asking you questions that you don’t want to answer, so you can focus your attention on the questions that your readers do ask you. This gives you a better chance of getting the feedback that you’re looking for, and helps you improve your paper as a result. You might also want to ask your reader if they think that your paper would be better if you wrote about a different topic than the one that you chose to write about. If this is the case, you might want to change your topic to something that you think would be more interesting to your readers. This could help you improve the quality of your paper, and make it more interesting for your readers as well.

3. Your Blog Can Help You Get Better at Writing for Different Audiences

If you’re interested in writing for a particular audience, but you’re not sure how to go about doing that, your blog can be an excellent place to get started. You don’t need to have a blog in order to write for a specific audience. You just need to find an audience that you’d like to write to, and then you can start writing for that audience. For example, you could start a blog about a particular topic that you find interesting, and write about that topic on your blog. Or you could write about a topic that your friends or family members would be interested in, and ask them if they’d be willing to read what you had to say on the topic. You’re not limited to writing about topics that you already know about, either. If there’s a particular issue that you feel passionate about, or a particular person that you would like to get to know better, then you should consider writing about that. You never know what you might learn about yourself or the world if you start writing about things that are important to you, so it’s worth a shot. You may even find that you enjoy writing about these topics more than you thought you would, which can make it even easier to keep writing about them in the future.

4. Writing a Blog Can Improve Your Writing Skills

Writing a blog is a great way to develop your skills in a number of different areas, including grammar, punctuation, and writing style. You have to be careful about how you use these skills, though, because if you use them incorrectly, you may end up making your writing sound unprofessional. For this reason, it’s a good idea to practice using these skills before you start blogging, so that you know how to use them properly. You also have to make sure that you use the skills that you learn in a way that makes sense for your blog, and not just for your personal writing. For instance, you shouldn’t use the same writing style that you do when you’re talking to your friends and family members on a regular basis, because it will come across as unprofessional if you do that. Instead, you have to find a way to use these writing skills that is appropriate for your audience, and that will make you sound like a professional writer. This isn’t as difficult as it might sound, because there are a lot of different ways to write that are appropriate for different audiences, and you can use your blog to figure out which ones you should use. You can start by writing about the topics that interest you the most, and see what kind of writing style you use when you talk about those topics. If you notice that you tend to use a particular writing style, you can try to use that writing style more often in your blog posts, and use a different writing style for the rest of your posts. This can help you develop your writing skills, and it can also help you figure out what writing style works best for you and your audience. It can also be a good way to practice different writing styles, because you’ll be able to see which ones work best for your writing, and which ones don’t work as well for you.

5. You Can Learn a Lot from Reading Other People’s Blogs

One of the best ways to improve your writing is to read other people’s blogs, and to learn from what they do and how they do it. This is especially true if you’re just starting out as a writer, and don’t have much experience with writing. By reading the blogs of other people who are more experienced than you are, you’ll learn a lot about how to write, and how to get better at writing. You’ll also learn about the different types of writing that you can do, as well as the different ways that people write about the same topics. This will help you learn how to make your writing more interesting, which will make it easier for you to get your readers to want to read more of your writing. It will also give you ideas about what kinds of topics you should write about, and what kinds you should avoid writing about. By learning from the blogs that other people write, you won’t just be learning about writing, but about a variety of different topics as well, which is an excellent way to broaden your horizons. You should also try to read as many blogs as you can, because this will give you a chance to learn about a wide variety of topics, and help you become a more well-rounded writer in the process. You could start by reading blogs that are similar to the ones that you write about on your own blog, or you could read blogs that you wouldn’t normally read if you weren’t writing a blog of your own. You shouldn’t limit yourself to reading only blogs that have to do with writing, though. There are plenty of blogs out there that you should be reading, even if they don’t relate to writing at all. You might be surprised at how much you can learn from reading other blogs, so you should give it a try!

6. Blogging is a Great Way to Get Your Name Out There

When you write a blog, you’re essentially putting yourself out there. This means that you’re putting yourself in a position where other people can see what you’re doing, and where they can judge you based on what you do. This may seem like a scary thing to do, but it’s actually a good thing.

The Step-by-step French Learning Guide That’s Full of Free Resources

Learning French also prepares you for going abroad and lets you communicate with people from many different cultures, not just in Europe but also in Africa, where a large portion of the population speaks French.

As you advance in your French learning journey, you may become a language learning addict! Good news for future polyglots: speaking French will help you to learn other romance languages like Spanish, Portuguese and Italian, as they all have similar Latin roots.

Hopefully, you’re now itching to get started, so without further ado, here’s the promised guide with 100% free resources that you can use to learn by yourself, anytime and anywhere, broken down into 12 simple weeks.

Learn French Step-by-step: A 3-month Study Plan

Weeks 1 and 2:

The Alphabet

Numbers 1 to 100

It’s the same for foreign language learners and you’ll need to study French numbers before moving on. I would recommend learning how to count up to 20 in the first week, and reinforcing that info during the second week. If you have time during your second week, try to get up to 100.

As for numbers higher than 100, save them for later, after you’ve mastered this three-month curriculum. Those won’t be as necessary in everyday French life as the other topics in this curriculum are.

Subject Pronouns

Common Greetings

It’s best to practice these now before you add more vocabulary to your repertoire, as you’ll need them to start any conversation. It’s also smart to get in the habit of speaking conversational French early on, so real conversations aren’t as intimidating later.

Their French phrases and greetings page has all the essential greetings complete with audio pronunciations and English definitions. As a bonus, you can test yourself with text and audio games when you think you’re ready, which is a great way to solidify what you’ve learned and have some fun while you’re at it.

FluentU is another source to start learning how to communicate in real-world French. Because it uses exclusively authentic content and sorts the library by learner level, you’ll be able to keep using it throughout your French journey.

Conjugate the Two Most Important Verbs: Être and Avoir

These two little verbs will be your best friends throughout the whole French process, as you’ll use them to form almost every common expression and to construct past tenses in French.

Reverso Conjugation is a great online tool that shows you how to conjugate any verb, including these ones. For weeks one and two, learn only the present-tense forms of être and avoir (the forms in the upper left box after you type a verb into Reverso Conjugation). These are the first steps of verb conjugation that you’ll be building on as you progress.

Basic Definite and Indefinite Articles

Weeks 3 and 4:

Days of the Week and Months of the Year

The days of the week are some of the simplest vocabulary you’ll need to know, and you can start practicing by visiting BBC Primary Languages, a site filled with vocabulary, songs and audio clips of all languages.

Their days of the week guide gives you everything you need to know, going far beyond just the names of the days to include the French words for weekend, day, afternoon, night, etc. Their guide to the months includes bonuses like how to talk about your birthday and how to say which month you’re going on vacation.

How to Tell Time

Weeks three and four in this curriculum are really all about how to get by with day-to-day vocabulary, and telling time is one of the most important things you’ll want to know from the moment you wake up!

Since you learned French numbers in weeks one and two, putting them together now to tell time should be easy. You just need this phrase: Il est ___ heure(s) ___. (Literally: It is ___ hour(s) ___.)

How to Talk About the Weather

Continuing with the day-to-day theme, you’ll need to study-up on weather words. At the very minimum, you’ll want to know how to say things like it’s cold, it’s raining and the weather is bad.

Even if you’re not going to be memorizing all 43 words in that guide, I love it because it has a great section at the end that looks at weather phrases that the French use as double philosophical meanings—so cool!

Family Vocabulary

Present Tense Conjugations of –Er Verbs

Essentially, there are three main groups of verbs in the French language and this one is good to start with since it’s arguably the most intuitive (we’ll get to the others later).

In fact, verbs that have the “-er” ending are by far the most useful regular verbs in the French language. That is because some 90% of all French verbs have the “-er” verb ending. That means that if you master this group of verbs and the associated tenses, you should be well on your way to French verb mastery!

Weeks 5 and 6:


You didn’t think I’d forget this simple but necessary lesson, did you? I purposefully put it here because by now, after learning some rich vocabulary and starting to conjugate verbs, you might be ready for a bit of a break.

House Vocabulary

Have no fear! As it’s no fun to just memorize huge lists one after another, I recommend ProProfs Flashcards, a platform that lets anyone create study flashcards. Their French household flashcards are a fun way to learn and once you’ve practiced enough, there’s an option to keep score of how many you get correct each round.

Immerse Yourself in French by Using FluentU

You might start up a movie only to find that you’re struggling to understand more than a few words at a time. You might find that you’re relying on the English subtitles too much, but no French subtitles are available. If there are French subtitles, how do you know that they’re accurate, or which of a word’s 10 definitions are being used in a particular sentence?

The FluentU program provides a bridge between learner-oriented and authentic content by taking real videos made by and for French speakers and enhancing them with learning features. The program’s content library includes videos like movie clips and trailers, short films, hit music videos from French artists and even content from popular vloggers like Cyprien.

If you’re not sure where to begin, you can filter the videos by language skill level, format (clips, commercials, talks/speeches, etc.) and topic (food and cuisine, business, humor, etc.). This takes the guesswork out of learning with authentic content, since you’ll know exactly what to expect and can tailor your studies to your level and interests.

The subtitles on FluentU have been vetted by language experts, ensuring their accuracy, and you can actually toggle the English and French captions on or off—so you can go ahead and hide the English text if you find yourself getting too distracted by it. And you don’t have to worry about not understanding what you’re watching, because you can hover over or click on any word in the subtitles to see its contextual definition and other videos where the word is used.

Understanding and Speaking French Like a Pro

Spoken French is often the most feared aspect of the language. Unlike Spanish, French isn’t pronounced as it’s written. For example, the word endings “é,” “ais,” “ait” and “aient” are all pronounced the same! So with this daunting task of speaking and understanding spoken French, what can you do to reach fluency?

9. Find an excuse to speak French every day… to yourself, in the shower, it doesn’t matter!

Maybe you’ll get stares in the street, but accept them with pride! I literally say whatever comes to mind… the point is to speak fluidly and consciously listen to your pronunciation.

10. Look for language exchange partners to get conversation practice.

Meetup has French conversation groups in many cities. Often these groups are “language exchanges,” meaning you and a native French speaker will spend part of the time speaking in French and part in English, so you both get practice in.

11. Have some free time on your hands? Time to go abroad!

It’s time to take a vacation to France or another French-speaking region and interact with the locals. Your French will improve amazingly even after a short time abroad if you consciously avoid English (no English-speaking tour groups!).

Charlemagne once said, “to have another language is to possess a second soul.” Learning French opens your mind to a new way of thinking. Not only do you learn the language, you learn the culture, the history. For reasons both personal and economic, learning another language, especially a widely spoken language like French, is one of the best decisions you can make.



A Sample VR Lounge Business Plan Template

Virtual Reality (VR) lounges are part of the Arcade, Food & entertainment industry and players in this industry include businesses that primarily operate video game arcades and game-focused family entertainment centers, which typically sell food and beverages.

Industry operators rent or purchase card- or coin-operated arcade games that customers play for a fee. Establishments that primarily focus on gambling games, billiards, miniature golf and other larger-scale or outdoor amusements are not included in this industry.

Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC is a standard, licensed and well – equipped virtual reality arcade lounge that will be located in the entertainment hub of Santa Fe – New Mexico. We have been able to secure a standard facility in a central and easy to locate location in Santa Fe.

We are well equipped to service the whole of the community as well as visitors and tourists. Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC is going to become the number one destination for virtual reality (VR) enthusiasts (gamers and gamblers alike) in the whole of Santa Fe – New Mexico.

We are well equipped and positioned to operate licensed virtual reality arcade lounge with a wide range of virtual reality games suitable for individuals, birthday parties and teambuilding et al, from top flight virtual reality games production companies like Microsoft Corporation, Nintendo Co. Ltd., Activision Blizzard Inc., GameStop Corp., Sony Corporation and Electronic Arts Inc. Our virtual reality arcade also has enough parking space.

feasibility studies and we were able to come to the conclusion that Santa Fe – New Mexico is the right place to start our VR arcade lounge. Our client’s best interest would always come first, and everything we do is guided by our values and professional ethics.

Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC will be open 24 hours in a day during weekends (Fridays to Sundays) and from 6:00 am to 12 midnight from Mondays to Thursdays in order for us to accommodate people with different time preferences.

Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC will at all times demonstrate her commitment to sustainability, both individually and as a business, by actively participating in our communities and integrating sustainable business practices wherever possible. We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely.

Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC is owned by Solomon Boston and his immediate family members. The business will be managed by Solomon Boston and his son Jerry Hamilton. Solomon Boston has over 15 years’ experience in the Arcade, Food and Entertainment Complexes industry working for some of the leading VR arcade lounges in Santa Fe – New Mexico.

3. Our Products and Services

Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC is in the industry to provide standard virtual reality arcade lounges, why we have been able to put up a facility that can help us achieve the goal. We are optimistic that anyone who makes use of our virtual reality arcade lounge will definitely derive huge value for their money.

Woops Zone® Virtual Reality Lounge, LLC is in business to become the leadingVR lounge in Santa Fe – New Mexico and we are fully aware that it will take the right facility, management and organizational structure to achieve our goal.

The kind of the virtual reality arcade business we intend building and the business goals we want to achieve is what informed the amount we are ready to pay for the best hands in the industry as long as they are ready to work with us. In view of that, we have made provisions for the following positions to be occupied by highly qualified and experienced staff;

Business Plan

Business Plan

VII. Financials. 13 Revenue and Pricing Strategy. 13 Key Assumptions . 14 3 Year Projections . 14 Customer conversion . 14 Year One (Y1) Expense . 14 Year Two (Y2) Expense . 15 Year Three (Y3) Expense . 16 3 Years Profit & Loss Projections. 16 3 Year Cash Flows Projections . 16 Company Valuation . 17 Funding. 17 1

Executive Summary Who hasn’t heard of Virtual Reality? What used to be a mere fantasy has now transformed into one of the biggest technological innovations. Virtual Reality (VR) is a booming market, with renowned companies such as Facebook, HTC and Intel among the biggest investors1. The VR market is forecasted to double every year in the next 3-year period2. Wearing a VR Headset can teleport you to a completely new world or give you an experience you can only dream of undergoing in real life. While sets of equipment are already commercially available for the early adopters of the technology, it has been seeing some resistance to wider adoption mainly because of two reasons: lack of accessibility and an expensive price. This is where VRCafé’s services lie. Our aim is to make bring VR closer to the general public, by making it more accessible, both physically and financially. VRCafé proposes to provide this through a social space where people can experience VR together.

Value Proposition The Problem As of January 2018, there are 171 million active VR users worldwide3. While it is true that the VR market shows huge potential, it remains far from mass adoption. There are two major reasons behind this. Firstly, the technology is still young, so it is not yet as widely accessible as it will be in the long-term future. Secondly, since the market has not yet matured, prices of products are high, product cycles are short, and the shadow of obsolescence can sometimes be felt around the corner. 71% of the UK population admits being concerned with the cost of buying VR equipment4. VR sets are not very portable pieces of technology. Moreover, it is highly unlikely that two friends can own a set each. This makes socializing in-person while using VR very difficult, and making new friends (in-person) while playing is a nearly impossible task. Since the majority VR users are gamers or entertainment seekers, socialization is, interestingly, a highly sought-after aspect of the experience5.

Business and Service Offering The offering of this service is that of providing a social environment and high-end equipment to customers for a limited amount of time. VR is a mystifying and magical technology to most, and it is easy to understand why. It could be defined as the most immersive piece of technology to have ever been created. Consequently, there exists a high wider public demand for trying it out. VR is also a diverse field, with different companies pursuing diverse approaches. VRCafé’s aim is to provide a social experience in a welcoming and enjoyable Café. The founders of the company live in Central London, which is the center of the UK, a modern country with a high demand for cutting edge technology. They come from Imperial College London, the UK’s most international university, full of gamers, young adults and technology fanatics. They are in the perfect position to launch VRCafé and reach its target audience. The business is expected to be highly profitable, as it is demonstrated later in this document.

Business Model (Operations and Roadmap) Strategy Evaluation Making use of the well-known Teece Framework 6 , the VRCafé business model can be said to have low appropriability and available complementary assets, since the idea is difficult to protect and the equipment can be acquired from different suppliers. Therefore, it can be placed in the upper-left quadrant. This implies that revenue can be hard to earn. However, as the financial statements included later in this document show, in this case, even with a very conservative approach, breakeven is easily achieved in Q2 of Year 2.

To run the business, we are searching for an initial investment of £500k from a business angel. Some initial interesting points of contact are The Venture Reality Fund 7and the FiBAN8, networks which link experienced investors to start-ups especially related to AR & VR sectors.

Market Analysis Market Segmentation Bottom Up The use of a preferred witness was crucial in our approach. After meeting up with regular VR gamers from the Imperial College Gaming Society, we gained the following insights: •

Customers can be divided into three groups: o Enthusiasts: these people have an active interest in VR gaming. They play VR games regularly. o Passives: they don’t have a special interest in VR but they have played videogames in the past and would not mind trying out VR if the opportunity arises. o Indifferent: these people don’t like gaming in general, and would not be interested in our product. Most VR places are targeted towards people aged 20-35 and with a good salary, since sessions are expensive. There is a big market gap in those individuals which lack the economic resources to enjoy VR gaming. Customers desire more opportunities for group VR gaming. Most current ones are individual. CUSTOMER PROFILE Passives

Virtual Dating

Other areas of opportunity are predicted to come according to the users need. Therefore, there is a need to encourage higher VR adoption rates from consumers. Moreover, to find solutions to existing software and hardware gaps in the technology.

Many businesses are exploring ways to transition the technology from a content consumption end to a more user content creation format. As the technology is still in its emerging stages, revenue streams and ideas for more opportunities are still being explored. Every entrepreneur or small business is looking to add value to the industry using the VR solutions.

Quytech is renowned in outsource development of VR technology, from mobile apps to games to VR-related business applications. we have the skilled resources in house to take your application from concept to market. Check Our AR/VR Work here

virtual reality



Professional email management techniques free ebook download

How to Write Clear and Professional Emails

Email is the communication tool of choice for most of us. Email’s great because you don’t have to be available at the same time as your conversation partner to communicate. It allows us to keep projects moving when our co-workers are unavailable or on the other side of the world.

Writing emails that are short and to-the-point will reduce the time you spend on email and make you more productive. By keeping your emails short, you’ll likely spend less time on email and more time on other work. That said, writing clearly is a skill. Like all skills, you’ll have to work at it.

To begin with, it may take you just as long to write short emails as it took you to write long emails. However, even if this is the case, you’ll help your co-workers, clients, or employees be more productive because you’ll be adding less clutter to their inboxes, making it easier for them to respond to you.

Free Professional email management strategies ebookFree Professional email management strategies ebookFree Professional email management strategies ebook

Is there a format for writing a professional email?

Writing a professional email comes with a universally accepted email format that can help you write an email that the recipient receives well. It is important to be concise so the recipient can keep their attention on your email and understand the reasons you have for writing. If you require them to take any kind of action in your email, place a call to action (CTA) phrase at the end of your email.

1. Start with an interesting subject line

The subject line is a short message that is displayed before the contents of the email are visible in the inbox. It summarizes the intention of your email in usually seven to eight words. Moreover, a subject line helps the recipient to quickly identify your email in their inbox. For example, Minutes from today’s meeting or Update on developments on the XYZ project .

2. Give greetings

Ideally, you must include the recipient’s name if you are aware of it. If not, then a sir/madame would do. If you are struggling to abide by a gender-neutral approach, then in the case of women, prefix their name with a Ms. Most importantly, irrespective of the recipient’s gender, add a comma at the end of the greetings line. For example, Dear Ms Jessy or Dear Mr Arjun .

3. Write the core email body

This section holds the key information that requires the recipient’s focus. Write a detailed, yet succinct, message that describes your intention. It is imperative to be mindful of the time your reader may need to understand the intention of the email. For example, This email is in reference to my job application at Fine Foods International. I have received my interview results and I’m glad to embrace this opportunity.

4. Include a closing line

The closing line is usually where you can place a call to action or inform the reader of the next steps. Consider ways to avoid forcing them to respond to you. Instead, write your line in such a way that they feel inspired or motivated to take action. A best practise is to find ways to continue the conversation, whether that is through email or in person. For example, We can chat about this on-call tomorrow afternoon. or If you could update me on this I would really appreciate it.

5. End with a signature

Being the very last section of your email, the signature maintains a sense of neutral authority and professionalism. It usually includes your complete present professional identification by name, job position, company name, phone number and possibly, an alternative email address for you. Ensure that you begin your signature with S incerely or B est regards .

6. Proofread your email

Double-check the tone of voice of your email. Establish a neutral tone that helps the reader concentrate and craft a reply that you are expecting. An email that is free of spelling and grammatical errors is easier for others to read and comprehend, meaning you may be more likely to receive a response. Aside from spelling and grammar, it is important that your email have a high readability, meaning the recipient can understand your communication.



Author image

Importance of Change Management

Imagine you’re the owner of a small business that’s suddenly taking off. The current state of the market is optimal for your business’s success, and your company is far exceeding expected profits.

You realize your company needs to undergo a major change for it to meet the current demand. You identify the need to double the number of employees, amend your business strategy, redefine business objectives, and implement an employee communication software that streamlines internal communications.

You decide your company needs to undergo a structural change for it to transform. You don’t have a change management strategy in place, but you implement the change anyway—and things get messy. Employees don’t receive proper training on the new technology, and they resist the change. Project deadlines are missed; deliverables are late; budgets were exceeded. Now what?

If you backtrack and decide to establish a thorough change management process, from the first step of identifying the gaps that need to be filled, to the last step of evaluating the process, change implementation is likely to be a smooth process. Effective change management ensures that change efforts are productive and on-schedule, team members are informed and on-board, and inefficiencies are identified and solved.

Organizational changes are unavoidable in today’s perpetually competitive climate. For a company to secure its longevity and economic success, it needs to continue improving. The change management process is never over; leaders need to be persistent in evaluating all aspects of the company and identifying gaps or oversights in processes and strategies.

As the competition evolves to adopt new technologies, and emerging advancements continue to elicit changes in the consumer’s behavior, companies are required to undergo organizational changes if they want to survive.

Importance of Change Management

To implement a successful organizational change, a company needs a structured approach toward managing change. An organizational change that transforms a company will affect everyone in the company, from the project management team to the human resources and customer service departments. Because an organizational change requires all team members to be on-board, these changes require an effective change management process in place.

Changes have to be overseen and guided by change managers and project managers in the company. There must be roadmaps, tasks, milestones, deadlines, and evaluations established to create accountability for team members and to ensure that nothing slips through the cracks throughout the change implementation.

If a change isn’t properly communicated, managed, mapped out or budgeted, the change process can become unproductive and stressful. A stressful change process can lead to lost profits, resistance and frustration from employees.

A well-managed change implementation will work to eliminate risks and disruptions, communicate expectations, prepare team members, and evaluate the change process to identify areas of improvement.

Each basic step is vital for leaders to implement a successful change, but the specifics in each step will vary with each change. Companies must take a structured approach by following an effective change management plan to ensure that all goals are met and accountability is established.

3 Types of Organizational Change

In a survey with nearly 3,000 executives about the success of their enterprise transformation efforts, McKinsey found the failure rate to be higher than 60%. But COVID-19 makes organizational change even more complex and challenging.

Some companies have temporarily closed their plants and shops while others have made remote work mandatory. More and more businesses are laying off a part of their staff because of business deterioration. As a result, unemployment rates are exploding.

They have to adapt on the fly and they have no visibility on what’s going to happen in the upcoming weeks. Check out the graph below where WTO presents how the world merchandise trade volume has been changing since COVID-19. 👇

In these uncertain times, businesses have to review their plans in no time. They are changing the way their employees are working as remote work has become the new norm and they also are rethinking the way their teams are functioning and collaborating. Most companies have already changed their organizational structure and their work arrangements.

Think about it: employees — including team leaders — have to instantly adapt to new ways of working and communicating, while change management programs usually take years to be implemented — whether it’s the launch of new technology or the implementation of a new internal organization.

Indeed, driving change doesn’t mean equipping employees with new software or new ways of communicating. Implementing change requires a preparation phase, a proper internal communication plan, training programs, and evaluating the program’s success.

“Digital transformation does not happen quickly. Some companies seem to expect it to happen over the course of a year. In my experience, particularly for larger organizations, closer to five years is more realistic. Even then, the task is never over”,

Most Common Change Management Challenges

Change is not always perceived as positive, and many employees may be resistant to changes within their organizations. Therefore, successful business transformation is all about getting employees’ buy-in and embedding new behaviors in the workplace.

1. Defining goals in a timely manner

Most changes get implemented with a goal to improve current processes, products, services or organizational cultures. However, it is critical to identify clear goals and milestones.

2. Poor leadership and lack of alignment

Poor leadership and lack of alignment among the leaders are some of the main reasons for organizational change fails. On the other hand, great leaders know how to inspire their workforce and embrace change.

3. Identifying the resources needed to make change a success

Before starting the change process, identifying the resources and individuals that will facilitate the process and lead the change is crucial for success. However, it can be hard to identify those resources and budgets before the process even starts.

4. A Lack of agility and slow approval process

5. Planning the next steps

Every change management process should have a well-set plan. The plan should consist of timelines, and change milestones should be identified. Without planning, it may be hard to understand the overall success of the change process.

6. Fear and conflicts

Changes within organizations can develop emotions of uncertainty and fear. This may cause employees to take their frustrations out on each other. Here, it is leaders’ responsibility to overcome difficulties and resolve conflicts.

7. Resistance to change and lack of commitment

Some employees resist change and do not want to collaborate or commit to new practices. Leaders should be able to address resistance on a psychological level and proactively remove behavioral barriers that restrict change.

8. Poor communication in the workplace

Communication is crucial for successful change management, and the cost of poor communication can be significant. Every employer that has a successful change management team expresses the need for constant communication during the change experience.



Brownbook.net | How to Advertise Locally for Free on the Internet

Learn and use best SEO strategies

Search engine optimization (SEO) is focusing your website and digital properties so that Google and other search engines can easily find and serve your content to a user. Many companies hire SEO experts or buy expensive software tools to help them form an SEO plan. They may create new quality content (like blog posts) or rewrite old content to meet those recommendations.

SEO is a long-game approach toward getting more views to your website, so it will take some time to see it pay off. However, it’s still one of the better ways to overcome the cost obstacles faced by small businesses, and it can help establish you as a web authority in your industry.

But hiring an expert or paying for a tool isn’t the only way to increase your search visibility. You can find free courses on SEO techniques online through LinkedIn Premium memberships, your local small business organizations, and the aforementioned SEO tools. But if you do need paid help solidifying a plan, take advantage of free tool trials to make sure you find the right fit before you buy.

Create and verify your Google Business profile

This profile is known as a “Google My Business” listing. To set it up, type your business name into the Google business claim page, and follow the verification steps to claim your company. You may have to send in documentation to prove you are the owner or decision-maker for the company. This process can take weeks, so do it as soon as you can.

Once you create or claim your profile, you can respond to user reviews, add promotions and product details, send and receive direct messages, and even answer FAQs created by users.

This is entirely free, and not claiming it could cause you to miss out on future business. Creating your Google business profile should be a top priority for any marketing mission, especially because it costs you nothing.

Marketing Idea #4 – Use The Power Of Social Media

To start with, you should create profiles on Facebook, Twitter and Linkedin. This will not only help you get more customers but you can engage them and get quality feedback from them about your products or services. ProfitBooks’ Twitter & FaceBook page alone amounts for 20% of our total traffic.

When people are stuck and looking to solve their pain point, they turn up to specific forums on the Internet. QnA sites like Quora and Yahoo Answers are popular places where you can find new customers. People also post their questions on Linkedin Groups.

So how can you benefit from it? Create accounts on these sites and start searching for your product or service. For example, I will search for ‘Accounting Software’ as I want to create awareness about ProfitBooks. You will get lot of questions related to your product. People might be asking about the top companies that sell this product or comparisons between different products and so on.

Start answering with the easy question and then move towards complicated questions. Again taking example of ProfitBooks, I searched for ‘Best Accounting Software‘ on Quora and got hundreds of questions around this topic. Then, I simply started answering and recommending ProfitBooks to users. We get a good amount of traffic every month via Quora.

Best Accounting Software Quora

You can do the same on Yahoo Answers and Linkedin Groups. All these 3 networks are very influential. Best part is, these sites are indexed by Google. So, your answers will appear in Google search whenever anyone searches for it. Isn’t it great?

Subscribe to Moneymint Weekly

Every Sunday we email people like you with top tips, insights and opportunities to manage your finances and build your online business. No hype, no scams, no fake gurus. Sign up below to get the next one.

Here, you can get a free business listing profile that you can use for advertising your business. Posting an adhere can help well-known search engines find your business. Along with the free version, they also have a lot of paid plans that you can opt for once you start getting a response and your budget increases.

Overall, it’s a magnificent platform to be found, plus they offer excellent services that can help get more and more customers for your business. You just need to create your profile on Enroll Business and get started.

29) Porch

This is again a website directory that is very reputable and well-established. People trust Porch because they provide verified user-generated reviews of local businesses of the U.S. The motive behind launching this website was to let people know or recommend places to find or get reliable products and services.

If you opt for their Pro plan, you would see how amazing and beneficial the service they offer for promoting your website/company is. Thus, the website is more beneficial for people related to repairs, plumbing, decorations, home cleaning, auto repair, etc., and their target audience is restricted to the U.S. only.

30) Xing


It is a great social media network that is a German alternative to LinkedIn. Xing is a Hamburg-based social network site for professionals and businesses where you can set up your profile to drive more traffic to your business. You can commence with their free plan and move to Pro plans for taking your business to the next level.

31) Gartner Digital Markets

Gartner Digital Markets

This is one of the best platforms for demonstrating your apps and software e-commerce stores. If you are into app creating or software development, this is one of the best free ways to promote your business. With the help of this channel, you can get more traffic on your website as it is potential lead generation software.

For listing your products on Gartner Digital Markets, you would have to request them for a free basic listing. However, they also have numerous paid plans as well which you can check out if you get a good response.

32) Hotfrog

Hotfrog | Advertise Your Business For Free On the Internet

As per Hotfrog, over 2.7 million people make more than 430,000 inquiries to businesses every month. It would be best if you did not miss promoting your products on this platform because it is an online directory created to amplify your business among Google search results.

They offer their users numerous options such as coupons, promotions, and various other marketing tools to help fetch customers’ attention to your unique listings. It works similar to other platforms that have been discussed and are best suited for promoting products in the U.S.

33) The Business Journals

The Business Journals

This platform is available in major cities of the U.S. Their listing helps generate more than 8 million monthly searches, which is a massive pool of target audiences. With a free profile, they offer you four levels of listings, and they are great for starting your business.

But, they also have various other affordable plans and resources that can aid your business to multiply and expand. All you need to do is create a free profile and then see how this platform takes your business to the next level.

34) SaaSGenius


This platform is specifically for SaaS companies as here you can promote SaaS solutions, app, or software for free. This directory specializes in supporting subscription-based software. To promote your product on SaasGenius, you would have to take some time to create your profile so that it does not look incomplete compared to others.

It is an excellent platform for advertising your business as it has a niche appeal which means that people who use this website know what exactly they are searching for. Here users also get the benefit of finding and comparing different SaaS solutions and making a wise decision as per their findings, so do not miss out on promoting your app or software here.



Smart goal complete assignments | examples of academic goals for college students | smart goals examples for students pdf

31 SMART Goals Examples for Students of All Ages

There might be affiliate links on this page, which means we get a small commission of anything you buy. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Please do your own research before making any online purchase.

A new school year is underway, and students are facing unprecedented challenges as most are having to “learn how to learn” in a whole new way. Due to the spread of the COVID-19 virus, students have brought traditional classroom learning back into their own homes, giving a huge rise to the relatively new concept of online education.

While students have always needed motivation and self-discipline to excel in school, this new academic climate takes that requirement to the next level. Students no longer have a teacher looking over their shoulder or instructing them to put their smart phones down and pay attention. It’s now up to all learners to be proactive in their studies and feel a sense of responsibility for their educational outcomes.

Teachers can support students in this endeavor by teaching proper goal-setting techniques so students can focus their efforts appropriately, effectively manage their time, and see the positive results of their work. And setting SMART goals isn’t just important for helping students focus and maintain their momentum during these months of virtual learning–it’s a critical skill they will use for the rest of their lives.

Now, if you’re the student, learning the art of setting SMART goals will help you continuously improve yourself, which will help you gain a competitive advantage over your peers once you enter the working world. And, the simple act of setting effective goals will be an integral part of your success.

According to Locke and Latham’s goal setting theory, two people with the same skills and knowledge can perform very differently on the same task if they have different performance goals because their goals ultimately determine their motivation to succeed. Whoever is more driven to succeed will probably do so.

In this article, we are going to look at the value of SMART goals and why students of all ages should know how to set SMART goals to lay the foundation for their academic success.

Then we will go over 21 specific examples of statements that students can use to improve their performance at school, in their extra-curricular activities, and in their lives in general. (And if you want a simple tool to track these goals, then check out this 13-week goal planner, backed by science and success psychology, that is designed to optimize your day and help you tackle your goals.)

My Own Personal Examples of Goals in Life of a Student

1. Start a Growth Journal

You’re reading a blog from someone who has been journaling since kindergarten. Seriously – my uncle bought me a journal in kindergarten and I have crayon-written, half-sentences all over it.

It’s such a pleasure for me to go back through the 17 or so journals I have to reflect on my past, to gain better understanding of myself, and to remember times of good and times of bad.

2. Make a Goal to Use Social Media Less

Social media can take over a person’s life. Little by little, you spend more time on your phone or computer checking statuses and making updates…until before you know it, you’re spending more time online than in real life.

Set phone reminders or use their phone’s stopwatch to time themselves, and just allow two 15-minute slots in their day on social media (or whatever other timeframe you want to use that is considerably less than what they’re doing now).

3. Read a Book Every Month

4. Accomplish Their First Individual Goal

Goals for High School Seniors

High school seniors are about to enter the real world – whether that’s getting their own apartment, starting college in the fall, getting that first real-paying job, or having to help pay rent at home for the first time.

1. Apply for One Scholarship or Grant Per Week

Your scholarship and grant search goals do NOT need to end once you get accepted and pay for that first year. You could snag a new scholarship to decrease your overall student loan bill your sophomore year, over summers, and even your last year of college!

2. Book a Senior Week Trip with Friends

When I was a senior in high school, I realized that I didn’t have any plans for where to spend senior week (and boy did I want to go somewhere). SO, I gathered a handful of my friends who were interested, and I set about booking a house in Delaware on the beach.

3. Learn to Cook One Entire Meal (from Scratch)

Look – seniors are going to have to figure out their own food in short order. SO, the best way to help them with not busting their budgets (plus get them curious and interested in cooking for themselves)? Is by teaching them an entire meal from scratch.

And to accomplish this? They’ll have to pick out a recipe, budget for ingredients, shop for those ingredients, then get timing down in the kitchen (like, do you cook the side dish first earlier in the day to free up time to focus on the main dish? Can you cook the main dish ahead of time and reheat while making the salad and dessert? It takes practice).

4. Set Up and Use a Planner for 30 Days

They can try a digital planning system, or use a paper one (you might want them to start with a paper one so that they can wrap your head around things by writing them down, first).

5. Volunteer X Hours Per Week or Month

My last tip for a student setting a goal: the magic of goal-setting really comes from the lessons learned and from moving onto the next goal. SO, in order to get your students and teenagers interested in setting goals a second, third, and umpteenth time, you want to help them set a really achievable first goal. Build their confidence, and watch them soar over the coming months and years!

Amanda L. Grossman

Amanda L. Grossman is a Certified Financial Education Instructor, a 2017 Plutus Foundation Grant Recipient, and founder of Money Prodigy. Amanda’s kid money work has been featured on Experian, GoBankingRates, PT Money, CA.gov, Rockstar Finance, the Houston Chronicle, and Colonial Life. Read more here.

Be Your Personal Best

Goals for school and student goals in life are all created in the same ways. Challenge your students from preschool through college to be introspective and proactive with fun goal setting activities. What personal goal do you want to achieve next?

Related Articles

Do you often find yourself setting out big plans, only to fall flat and push the plan aside? This is a common occurrence. Luckily, there exists a well-defined solution that’s easy to follow. It comes in a detailed system of measurable goals and objectives that puts you on a path to success.

College is a time for growth and change. But, you don’t want to lose sight of your bigger goals in life. Set actionable long-term goals using the SMART method. Use examples of actionable long-term professional and academic goals as inspiration to create your own.



Employer reading resume with applicant

Strategies of Effective Interviewing

The executive engaged in the normal conduct of business devotes much of his time to interviewing. However, there is an appalling lack of effort given to systematic attempts at building improvements into this age-old process. Interviewing remains one of those activities which we think we know all about merely because we have been doing it so long; we have been lulled by habit. It seems apparent that a modest effort aimed at an analysis of our interviewing techniques would yield generous returns.

In the broad sense, interviewing is the process whereby individuals (usually two) exchange information. The individuals may be concerned with a job opening, a promotion, a special assignment, a product sale, information for intelligence purposes, a proposed merger, or other questions. The information exchanged need not be limited to facts. In business, particularly, such products of an interview as meaning and understanding are oftentimes more significant than objective factual statements.

Interviewing in the contemporary business setting invariably takes place in an atmosphere filled with a sense of urgency. The time allocated to the interview is necessarily limited. Consequently, a nondirective approach finds little application; it is necessary to use the guided interview in the vast majority of situations. This inherent time constraint sometimes brings about dysfunctional consequences: the interviewer is so preoccupied with budgeting his time that the content and the purpose of the interview are vitiated. Hence, we must define what we mean by an effective interview. For the purposes of this article, an effective interview is one that optimizes the perceived communication objectives of the individuals involved, with time as the principal constraint. We shall focus on research findings concerning:

Planning & Preparation

The lack of adequate planning for an interview is the greatest single fault found in my studies of the interviewing process. 1 All too often, the inexperienced interviewer launches into a discussion only to find midway through that his preparation is incomplete. A moderate amount of preplanning can easily obviate such unfortunate occurrences.

When the objective of the interview is well-known in advance, it is usually a good practice to allow the individual concerned ample time to prepare for the talk before the actual involvement. By indicating, ahead of time and in writing, the points to be covered, the interviewer gives the interviewee an added advantage and reinforces the specific purpose of the session. Too often the expectations of the interviewee may be far different from those of the interviewer. This misunderstanding, if not corrected, can be disastrous.

On the other hand, too much preplanning and detailing for an interview can be equally harmful. The interviewee may then develop conventionally correct answers or platitudes which, of course, reduce the informational content of the interview to virtually zero. In short, he needs a guide, a “steer”—but no more than that.

A written outline of important points to be covered is not necessarily an indication of rigidity; rather, it reflects consideration for all parties concerned. When explained, it generates a feeling of confidence as well as fairness—particularly if two or more people are to be ranked in an evaluation. The outline may even include typical questions in order to solicit comparable responses. Again, however, a warning against excess is needed: too much reliance on a programed questioning approach is often disconcerting to the interviewee and may lead to stereotyped answers. Ideally, of course, each question should be designed for the situation and the respondent.

In presenting information, a speaker allocates blocks of time to various items on his agenda. If no time limit is established, the presentation can continue indefinitely. Even worse, the truly important information may never be told. This process takes place by dint of the normal human trait of retaining the most significant bits of information for the end. Psychiatrists recognize this and are particularly attentive in the last ten minutes of the therapy session. Borrowing from this insight, the interviewer, although not able to set an hourly cycle as does the psychiatrist, should try discreetly to indicate a time scale. This allows the interviewee to plan and to include relevant information which otherwise might be withheld. If the interview is terminated too abruptly, the probability of losing valuable information is very high.

A time limit can be suggested by citing the next appointment or by noting, perhaps, a previously scheduled conference. Actions such as tapping—consciously or not—on one’s watch to indicate time are out of order, of course; so is sitting precipitously on the edge of the chair. Sometimes it may be in the best interest of both parties to set another date for an extended session or to plan on completing only one or two stages of progress at a time.

Interviewing techniques tip 2: Develop a compelling story

We tend to conclude that our lives are pretty much the same as other people’s, that they’re average and boring. As a result, many people don’t tell their own story well. But your story is so much better than you think. The way your life has evolved; the things you’ve learned; your achievements, failings, and dreams—these things are unique to you and much more interesting than you realize. Sharing your well thought-out story is a powerful interviewing technique.

Your story is what helps people understand who you are and where you are going. So learn to tell your story and tell it well, especially for interviewing and networking purposes. Putting together your story takes a lot of work and practice. However, the benefits to you and to your career are enormous. Your stories:

Developing your story for job interviews

  • Take a comprehensive inventory of the chapters of your life. Think about major events, memories, and turning points that shaped who you are. Make notes about your feelings, expectations, and frustrations, or what you learned, accomplished, and experienced. Organize your chapters by time periods or jobs.
  • Focus on memorable “aha” moments. These stories need to have vivid dimensions so people will experience that moment with you. It may have been a moment with your mom on the porch, or a trip you took to a faraway place, or what a boss or mentor told you. The stories don’t have to be dramatic, just meaningful to you.
  • Uncover the themes in your story. What emerges as your passion? Mentoring others, doing research, helping a specific type of client, advancing knowledge in your field? What gives you joy? Are you a teacher, a leader, an entrepreneur, a risk taker?
  • Reflect on your career path. How have you arrived where you are today? Why did you make certain choices? Who helped you along the way? What motivated you then and now? Have your career goals remained the same or have they changed? Are you someone who likes new projects? Or executes the details of someone else’s vision?

Practice makes perfect

Once you’ve developed your story, the next step is to practice telling it—saying it out loud, ideally to others. Don’t wait until the interview to tell it for the first time. Try reciting it into a tape recorder or sharing it with a confidante for feedback. Get over your feelings of story inadequacy or thinking that a job well done speaks for itself.

As you become more comfortable in how to tell your story, you will see that your life has not just been a string of random events. Your story has a past and it has a future and the road ahead becomes clearer when you understand where you have been. The ultimate test will be the next time someone says, “Tell me about yourself.”

Interviewing techniques tip 3: Tailor your story to the job

Applying your story to a specific employer or job is the next step. Lining up the stories that apply to the opportunity at hand is critical. Put yourself in the interviewer’s shoes and pose the questions you would ask. Which stories are relevant to this job interview? Think about personal stories that show how you handled change, made choices under pressure, or learned lessons from mistakes and failures. You should also think about stories you can tell in the interview that reveal your skill set.

Learning and appreciating your story is a prerequisite to any interview process. Don’t rely on your ability to think on your feet. Anticipate the questions and have answers at the ready. In the end, this is about making a great and memorable impression that demonstrates competency and ability.

You may want to start by developing your stories around these areas:

If you’re having trouble developing a good interviewing story, ask your friends or family members for their own success stories. Notice the elements that make them work, such as specific details and a smooth flow. Notice elements that don’t work, such as vagueness or rambling. Then think about your own experience and try to uncover the moments when you really excelled or when you rose to meet a challenge. After you identify several, practice them until they flow easy and work on adapting them to different types of questions.

How to Handle the Interview

Listen. The best job interviews often feel like a conversation (albeit one where both parties are trying to impress one another). To achieve this, remember to focus on listening, not just waiting for your chance to speak. Not only will you be able to respond more effectively to their questions, you’ll also demonstrate a valuable soft skill.

Handle Questions About Salary the Right Way. Dreading the salary negotiation portion of the interview process? You’re not alone. Less than half of respondents to a CareerBuilder survey said that they negotiated salary after receiving a job offer. And 51% of those non-negotiators said that they resisted because they were uncomfortable asking for more.

When they do, keep in mind that it’s likely a good sign: employers typically don’t broach the subject of salary requirements unless they’re contemplating you coming aboard. (This differs from questions about salary requirements and salary history earlier in the process, which are intended to weed out applicants whose demands are outside the budget.)

Avoid Typical Interview Blunders. Mistakes happen. Sometimes, a question will stump you. Or an unexpected situation will make you late. Many of the most common interview mistakes can be avoided with a bit of planning – and some awareness of interviewer pet peeves.

What to Do After the Interview

Send a Thank-You Note. One of the most important parts of the job interview happens after you leave the building: sending a thank-you note. How important is it? According to an Accountemps survey, 80% of hiring managers say that they consider thank-you notes when deciding which candidates to hire. The same survey found that only 24% of candidates actually sent a post-interview note, though, so if you take the time to say thanks, you’ll stand out from the competition.

Follow Up the Right Way. What if you send your thank-you note and don’t hear anything back? If a week or more has gone by—or you’ve waited the amount of time specified by the hiring manager—it’s a good idea to send a follow-up email to check in and reiterate your interest in the job. After that, let it go.

Don’t Pause Your Job Search. Don’t wait to hear from the hiring manager, even if things look good. Keep your job search rolling and you won’t have to restart it again if the job offer fails to materialize. Plus, you never know what kinds of opportunities are waiting for you if you keep looking.



How to Speak Spanish with Confidence: 21 Ways to Beat Your Fear and Just Start Speaking

Do you remember learning how to read when you were a child? Chances are you sounded words out, letter by letter. Spanish language learners can do that very same thing with absolute success.

1. Take Spanish Classes

Taking Spanish courses in person is one of the quickest ways to learn and practice new vocabulary. To boost your confidence and increase your learning, refrain from speaking any language other than Spanish during class, even if you feel tempted to ask a question in your native tongue.

You might also consider taking one-on-one lessons if you’d like a little extra attention during class. You can search for Spanish classes and conversation groups in your local area with meetup.com or consider taking a Skype lesson if there aren’t any classes being offered near you.

2. Watch Movies and Telenovelas

Watching movies and telenovelas in Spanish is a great way to familiarize yourself with conversational dialogue. Even if you’re a beginner, you should still be able to pick up a wealth of information from visual cues and body language.

You might also try watching with subtitles to help improve your understanding. The more you watch, the more you’ll become familiar with the accent and tone of voice commonly used in Spanish. The more Spanish you hear, the more confident you’ll be when it comes time for you to speak.

3. Listen to Music and Sing in Spanish

Have you ever noticed that it’s much easier for your brain to remember something when put to a song? To help increase your vocabulary and to better familiarize yourself with the language, start listening to music in Spanish as much as possible.

Listen with the lyrics in front of you so you can sing along. Try memorizing the lyrics and practice speaking them as well as singing them. Doing this won’t only prove to be an enjoyable practice, but it’ll also help boost your confidence and make you feel more comfortable speaking in Spanish.

4. Start Thinking in Spanish

There’s no doubt about it, once you can successfully think in Spanish, you’ll find that your confidence in your speaking ability will drastically increase. It’s easy to feel nervous when you find yourself stumbling for words and thinking too long about what to say next.

In the early stages of learning a language, you have to translate what you want to say in your head before you speak, which can make it difficult to carry a conversation at a regular pace. Fortunately, this process gets easier the more you’re exposed to the language. Eventually, you’ll find yourself able to think in Spanish without having to translate first.

5. Read out Loud

Another effective way to boost your Spanish speaking confidence is to start reading to yourself out loud in Spanish. Try waiting until after you’ve finished a paragraph before you look up any words.

In doing so, you’ll allow the words to flow out of your mouth more naturally, which will help you prepare for the authentic flow of a real conversation. Try reading books, magazines or newspapers in Spanish. You can also find many Spanish websites and blogs online as well.

6. Record Yourself Speaking Spanish

Try recording yourself having a conversation or reading in Spanish. By recording yourself and playing it back, you’ll have a chance to hear what you sound like and notice if there’s any room for improvement. Consider recording yourself on a regular basis so you can track your progress.

7. Get a Language Buddy

Having a language partner to practice with will encourage and inspire you to start speaking more. You can practice with another language learner so you feel more comfortable making mistakes or try practicing with a native speaker who can help correct you. Don’t be shy when speaking with native speakers.

Most people will be glad you have taken an interest in their language, so they’ll likely be patient and won’t mind slowing down the pace a bit for you. If you don’t know someone to practice with, try finding a partner using italki.

8. Educate Yourself on Common Mistakes

Most anxieties and insecurities are due to a lack of understanding and awareness of the Spanish language. If you familiarize yourself with the common mistakes Spanish language learners make, you’ll feel more knowledgeable and thus more comfortable when speaking.

9. Learn New Vocabulary Every Single Day

It’s hard to feel confident speaking in Spanish if you don’t have a strong vocabulary. Help increase your confidence by making it a point to learn new Spanish words every single day.

You can learn new words simply by reading a book or magazine and looking up the unfamiliar words you come across. You might also consider using flashcards to help you remember new words and phrases.

Our first advice: LISTEN

Listening, that is how anyone who wants to learn a language should begin. The language they speak best is our mother tongue, did not we learned by listening? No one told us: “Son, this toy is for you to learn how to conjugate the subjunctive.”It would be absurd !. We learned to talk by listening to our parents, family and friends. And this is the only way to master Spanish or any other language: LISTEN.

The key to success in anything, including learning Spanish is to practice a lot. When you hear some Spanish, try it again. Listen again to the audio. No need to be away, you can do it later or the next day. But listen again. That will help your brain in the learning process.

Children just learning to speak many times they hear the same words, phrases or expressions. His first words are often mom or dad because they are some of the words most heard. Moreover, they are easy to pronounce.

A Short Break, And Some Unexpected Magic

Martyn was still exhausted, but you could see the excitement bubbling up to the surface. He started to reach for more to say – more little moments of communication – and he was understanding most of what I was saying back to him. It encouraged both of us. A few simple moments of real communication – speaking real Spanish – and suddenly all the worry that the method wouldn’t work disappeared.

Martyn was still making mistakes. Mountains of them. At a guess, he was getting about 10% of the target phrases right before he heard Rosa. But it didn’t matter any more. We could both see that he was genuinely learning.

He was starting to fine-tune, as well. ‘Usted habla lo’ became ‘usted lo habla’ (you speak it) without any clues from me, and then ‘Puede usted lo decir?’ switched itself back to ‘Puede usted decirlo?’ (Can you say it?). I kept wanting to high-five him.

I’d decided, more or less at random, that the first 25 sessions we’d built were our ‘Level One’. Martyn had session 22 finished by half-past three – and despite his new enthusiasm, he was yawning too much to answer at least half the time.

In less than 24 hours, Gaby was going to call him on Skype, and speak Spanish at him. And we were going to record it. Martyn obviously felt a little stressed about this, and I can’t say I was calm. I imagined finishing this experiment with a video showing Martyn failing to remember any Spanish. Pressure can make anyone crack, and it’s worse for a brand new learner.

Speak Spanish in Four Days: Day Four


I used to teach languages in a British high school, and I can still remember the sense of helpless worry I’d get when my students were going into exams. It’s a horrible feeling. You want to freeze time so that you can give them a month or two of last minute reminders. But you worry that if you throw any extra details at them, it’ll push the other stuff out of their brains.

I’d emailed Gaby asking him to use questions that Martyn had covered in Level One. I know how easily fluent speakers can start talking about things that a learner doesn’t understand! Martyn and I decided that we’d just finish Level One by doing the last three sessions, and we wouldn’t move onto Level Two.

By 1:00pm we’d finished three sessions, and Martyn was consistently speaking in groups of five or six words together. This would have been impossible on Day Two. Even on the particularly difficult last session, which revises everything we’d done in the whole of Level One, he was doing better than on Day Three.

We decided to take the last couple of hours as a chance to relax on the sofas in his living room. We played around with possible questions, and tried out different answers. Martyn was starting to achieve real communication in Spanish – talking about real things, about the process he’d been going through, about what he wanted to do. It felt like much more than you’d expect from a standard beginner who’d only be learning how to speak Spanish for four days.

There’s a moment when something you’re worrying about becomes inevitable, and time suddenly accelerates. It’s like the moment on a roller-coaster, at the top of the climb, when your fear gives way to excitement, and everything becomes a blur.

Martyn Speaks Spanish to Gaby on Skype

Ready… ready… ready! I pressed play on the camera, and suddenly there was Gaby throwing Spanish words at Martyn. I knew for a fact Martyn had never heard these words in his life. It’s all going to fall to pieces! But no… wait… what’s this?

Martyn does not freeze in front of the camera. In fact, the camera seems to inspire him. He’s putting words together in ways he hasn’t tried before . That’s the final ingredient that turns speaking a new language into a magical experience.

I thought that I would record 10 minutes or so of Martyn speaking, and choose the best two or three minutes. That didn’t happen. I only recorded the first 3 minutes, and left it at that. By the time they’d finished speaking, Gaby and Martyn had arranged to meet up and have a Welsh/Spanish intercambio (language exchange) in the Welsh National Eisteddfod in August. To be fair, by that point the Skype conversation had become something of a Welsh/Spanish intercambio itself. When Gaby switched to speaking Welsh, Martyn said he’d never in his life been so relieved to hear a language he really understood!



How to write a short story

how to write a short story

The short story is a fiction writer’s laboratory: here is where you can experiment with characters, plots, and ideas without the heavy lifting of writing a novel. Learning how to write a short story is essential to mastering the art of storytelling. With far fewer words to worry about, storytellers can make many more mistakes—and strokes of genius!—through experimentation and the fun of fiction writing.

Nonetheless, the art of writing short stories is not easy to master. How do you tell a complete story in so few words? What does a story need to have in order to be successful? Whether you’re struggling with how to write a short story outline, or how to fully develop a character in so few words, this guide is your starting point.

Famous authors like Virginia Woolf, Haruki Murakami, and Agatha Christie have used the short story form to play with ideas before turning those stories into novels. Whether you want to master the elements of fiction, experiment with novel ideas, or simply have fun with storytelling, here’s everything you need on how to write a short story step by step.

Step 1: Planning

To know how to write a short story, you first need to understand what one is. Let’s start by answering the obvious question: how long should a short story be? Unfortunately, it’s not a question that’s easy to answer. Some say that anything that is between 500–7,500 words is a short story. Others say anything less than 10,000 words. Though, to add to the confusion, if you’re looking to submit short stories to magazines or online publications, most will set word limits that fall somewhere between 500–4,000 words. However, don’t worry too much about word limits when you start. Instead, focus on mastering short story outlines and then you can begin to worry about wordcounts (more on that in a bit).

Now we have a better idea of how long a short story can be, or at least, when a short story is too long, let’s look at what else we need to write a short story. Much like any story, short stories require conflict.

Conflict is when your main character wants something or wants to achieve something, but there is an opposing force or obstacle that stops them from having it. It can be anything from escaping a scary house to pursuing a relationship with someone or becoming a world-famous ballerina. Conflict can come in the form of a villain (or antagonist) or a societal issue (corrupt governing body, issues within society such as racism, homophobia, etc.) to name a couple of examples.

Before you start to write a short story, you need to know what your point of conflict is. While the process of writing a short story can be very similar to writing a novel, there is a difference that may come as a shock to any ‘pantsers’ (those who make up the story as they write). When writing a short story, you need to have an outline of what you want to happen. Not only does it help to know what you’re writing about and to avoid rambling but, by having an outline, you’ll have a clear pathway through your story and have the foundations of one which is well-paced.

If you’re a writer who likes to ‘go with the flow’, this may prove a challenge. To adapt to this change, have a clear idea of what you want your story to look like then add in ‘stepping stones’ to keep you on track.

A good rule of thumb is that the longer the short story is, the more that can happen. It might sound obvious, but a lot of people will try to cram in additional scenes or parts to a story that messes with the overall quality. When starting with short stories, it can help to stick to a simpler outline, at least until you become more used to the structure and can experiment a bit more.

When you first start writing short stories, it can be tempting to add in additional details that deviate from the key plot points (especially if you’re coming from a novel-writing background) so, by keeping your first short stories briefer, you’ll learn to recognise what parts of a short story are necessary to include and what is filler. If you find that your idea keeps growing and mutates as you plan, you may have accidentally come up with an idea for a novel rather than a short story. Save it for later and then have another think.

Short Story Writing Tools

Writing anything – short fiction, novels, nonfiction – can be daunting and difficult. Sometimes the shorter pieces are even harder than a novel-length work because you don’t have as much wiggle room.

This can come in the form of human help from your fellow writers, or you can turn to some writing software to guide you. There are many options when it comes to this, but I can recommend two that will no doubt help you create the best short story possible.


All of these things can come in handy when you are writing a short story. Depending on the style and genre of your story, you may need to do a lot of research despite the shorter length.

how to write a short story


However, we are human and we make mistakes. Grammarly is there to help you through the editing process. Once it scans your work, it will pick out the spelling and grammatical errors, and show them to you.

In addition to pointing out the errors you’ve made, it tells you how to fix them. These can be small things like an unnecessary comma or a missing period. But, a lot of little things can add up.

how to write a short story

Grammarly makes your writing better, but it also makes you a better writer. It will fix up your current writing, and if you pay attention to the corrections it makes, you can start learning from your own bad habits.

Grammarly is an effective editing tool for all types of writers, fiction or otherwise. It cleans up your work fast. This saves you time, improves your craft, and helps you remain professional and polished.

Writing Prompts

A good place to start is with this writing prompt generator. It offers you more than 500 options to inspire a story. Use the prompts for a first sentence idea or to solidify the end of the story. Sometimes creating that satisfying ending first actually helps you develop the rest of the plot.